Cement is a finely milled mineral powder, usually grey in colour. The most important raw materials for the production of cement are limestone, clay, and marl. Mixed with water, cement serves as an adhesive to bind sand, gravel, and hard rock in concrete. Cement hardens both in the air and under water, and remains in its hardened state once reached.
Cement is usually available in the form of a homogeneous bulk dry good. It’s characteristics are standardised in order to ensure the required stability, reliability, and processability in the application.
Cements are classified according to their early and final strength as well as their composition. In addition to cements that consist of 100% clinker, there are so-called composite cements, in which a portion of the clinker is replaced by alternative raw materials, such as fly ash, ground slag, or limestone. As the production of clinker is energy-intensive and releases large amounts of CO2, the use of alternative raw materials can conserve natural resources and reduce CO2 emissions.
Depending on the desired application, different types of cement – each with a specific composition – are necessary. Cement characteristics can also be modified through the use of additives. We offer our customers a broad range of cement products, including quality cements, special cements with targeted characteristics, special geotechnical building materials and an expanded range of binders. Our product portfolio varies from country to country.
Development of sales volumes
In 2016, cement and clinker sales volumes rose by 28.0% to 103.8 million tonnes (previous year: 81.1). This includes the sales volumes of the recently added markets in Italy, France, Spain, Greece, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, India, Thailand, Egypt, Morocco, Mauritania, Gambia, and North America. Without taking into account these new markets and the additional consolidation effect arising from our market entry in Mozambique, the increase in cement sales volumes of 1.4% slightly exceeded the previous year’s level. The growth in the two European Group areas and in North America more than offset the slight losses in Asia-Pacific and Africa-Eastern Mediterranean Basin.
Financial Key Figures 2016
Cement capacity in mt Total HeidelbergCement 176.3 HeidelbergCement incl. joint ventures (JV) 193.5 Cement, grinding, and GGBS plants (+ JV) 143 (+17) Cement terminals (+ JV) 175 (+22) Total sales volumes of cement and clinker in mt 103.8 Revenue in €m 7,379 Result from current operations before depreciation and amortisation in €m 1,782
Sales Volumes 2016 in Group Areas in mt
Western and Southern Europe 22.4 Northern and Eastern Europe-Central Asia 24.2 North America 14.6 Asia-Pacific 28.7 Africa-Eastern Mediterranean Basin 13.7