German-style dual training system in Kazakhstan
The present state industry development programme in Kazakhstan generates high demand for skilled workers – particularly in the oil and gas industry, as well as the construction, engineering and services sectors. This is why the government plans to reform the country's vocational school system by introducing a dual system of professional education based on the model employed by Germany, where the practical side of training takes place at companies, plants, trade businesses etc. Up to now, vocational training in Kazakhstan has been centrally organized in several hundred professional colleges, without the participation of industry.
In 2012, at a meeting between the President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayew, and German Federal Chancellor, Angela Merkel, an initiative was announced to implement the principles of the German dual vocational education system in Kazakhstan. In autumn 2014, the project was launched under an agreement between the Ministry of Education and Science of Kazakhstan, the Kazakhstan Chamber of Industry and the German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ).
The essence of the dual educational system is a combination of theoretical training at professional colleges with practical training at companies or businesses, where the students often spend more than half of their study time.
Together with other German companies that operate in Kazakhstan, HeidelbergCement is supporting the introduction of a dual educational system in the country. The main focus is on the professions of industrial mechanics, electronic technicians for automation technology, automation technicians and mechatronic technicians – all of which are very much sought-after in Kazakhstan. Students from Ust-Kamenogorsk Building College, who are enrolled in the new "Industrial mechanics" programme, will receive their practical training at the Bukhtarma cement plant, where a special workshop will be equipped for their needs.
Two trainers have been assigned at the plant: Arkadiy Bossonogov, machine operator, and Konstantin Gilyev, mechanic. At the end of 2014, both men received their trainer qualifications at the Schelklingen cement plant in Germany. During their one week stay, they learned about the production process at the German cement plant and how to plan and carry out a training programme. This Train-the-Trainer programme will be continued with regular qualification sessions held by external educational institutions in Germany as well as through internal resources of HeidelbergCement.